VirtualBox Mac 跨平台免费开源的虚拟机 v6.1.0 r135406

摘 要

VirtualBox Mac版是一款简单实用的跨平台的虚拟化应用程序,VirtualBox for Mac能够运行Windows、Mac、Linux和Solaris操作系统,有兴趣的知友赶紧试试吧!

VirtualBox Mac 跨平台免费开源的虚拟机
所属分类:大小100M-500M  系统增强 平台:Mac Os | 系统:OS X 10.12及以上 大小:123.34MB | 语言:多国语言[中文] | 授权:免费 最后更新:2019年12月15日

软件介绍

VirtualBox Mac软件免费版是知您网搜集到的Mac os系统上一款强大的虚拟机软件,而且还支持64位系统与32位同时兼容!VirtualBox苹果电脑版用户可以在VirtualBox上安装并且运行Solaris、Windows、DOS、Linux、OS/2 Warp、OpenBSD及FreeBSD等系统作为客户端操作系统。与同性质的VMware及Virtual PC比较下,VirtualBox独到之处包括远程桌面协议(RDP)、iSCSI及USB的支持,VirtualBox在客户机操作系统上已可以支持USB 2.0的硬件设备。
 
VirtualBox for Mac免费版功能介绍
VirtualBox是德国一家软件公司InnoTek所开发的虚拟系统软件,它不仅具有丰富的特色,而且性能也很优异,更是开源的,成为了一个发布在GPL许可之下的自由软件。VirtualBox 可以在 Linux 和 Windows 主机中运行,并支持在其中安装 Windows (NT 4.0、2000、XP、Server 2003、Vista)、DOS/Windows 3.x、Linux (2.4 和 2.6)、OpenBSD 等系列的客户操作系统。
 
VirtualBox for Mac免费版功能特色
可移植性:
VirtualBox运行在大量的32位和64位主机操作系统上。
VirtualBox是一种所谓的“托管”管理程序(有时称为“2类”管理程序)。而“裸机”或“1型”管理程序可以直接在硬件上运行,VirtualBox需要安装现有的操作系统。因此,它可以与该主机上的现有应用程序一起运行。在很大程度上,VirtualBox在所有主机平台上的功能相同,并且使用相同的文件和图像格式。这允许您运行在具有不同主机操作系统的另一主机上的一个主机上创建的虚拟机;例如,您可以在Windows上创建一个虚拟机,然后在Linux下运行。
 
此外,虚拟机可以使用开放式虚拟化格式,为此创建的行业标准轻松导入和导出。您甚至可以导入使用不同虚拟化软件创建的OVF。
 
不需要硬件虚拟化:
对于许多场景,VirtualBox不需要像Intel VT-x或AMD-V这样的更新硬件内置的处理器功能。与许多其他虚拟化解决方案相反,因此即使在不存在这些功能的旧硬件上也可以使用VirtualBox。
 
客户添加:共享文件夹,无缝窗口,3D虚拟化
VirtualBox Guest Additions是可以安装在受支持的guest系统内的软件包, 以提高其性能,并与主机系统进行额外的集成和通信。安装访客添加后,虚拟机将支持自动调整视频分辨率,无缝窗口,加速3D图形等功能。特别是,Guest Additions提供了“共享文件夹”,它允许您从访客机器中从主机系统访问文件。第4.3节“共享文件夹”中介绍了共享文件夹。
 
伟大的硬件支持。其中,VirtualBox支持:
访客多处理(SMP)。VirtualBox可以向每个虚拟机最多显示32个虚拟CPU,而不管主机上实际存在多少CPU内核。
•USB设备支持。 VirtualBox实现虚拟USB控制器,并允许您将任意USB设备连接到虚拟机,而无需在主机上安装特定于设备的驱动程序。USB支持不限于某些设备类别。
•硬件兼容性。 VirtualBox虚拟化了大量虚拟设备,其中包括许多通常由其他虚拟化平台提供的设备。包括IDE,SCSI和SATA硬盘控制器,几个虚拟网卡和声卡,虚拟串行和并行端口以及许多现代PC系统中的输入/输出高级可编程中断控制器(I / O APIC)。这简化了来自真实机器的PC映像的克隆,并将第三方虚拟机导入VirtualBox。
•完整的ACPI支持。VirtualBox完全支持高级配置和电源接口(ACPI)。这简化了将PC映像从真实机器或第三方虚拟机克隆到VirtualBox中。凭借其独特的 ACPI电源状态支持,VirtualBox甚至可以向ACPI感知客户机操作系统报告主机的电源状态。对于通过电池运行的移动系统,客户可以实现节能,并向用户通知剩余电力(例如,以全屏模式)。
•多屏分辨率。 VirtualBox虚拟机支持屏幕分辨率是物理屏幕的多倍,允许它们分布在连接到主机系统的大量屏幕上。
•内置iSCSI支持。这种独特的功能允许您将虚拟机直接连接到iSCSI存储服务器,而无需通过主机系统。VM直接访问iSCSI目标,而不需要在容器文件中虚拟化硬盘所需的额外开销。
•PXE网络启动。VirtualBox的集成虚拟网卡完全支持通过预引导执行环境(PXE)远程启动。
 
Multigeneration分支快照:
VirtualBox可以保存虚拟机状态的任意快照。您可以及时返回并将虚拟机还原到任何此类快照,并从中启动备用VM配置,从而有效地创建一个整个快照树。您可以在虚拟机运行时创建和删除快照。
 
VM组:
VirtualBox提供了一个组功能,使用户可以单独组织和控制虚拟机。除了基本组之外,任何VM也可以在多个组中,并且组可以嵌套在层次结构中,即组的组。通常,可以对组执行的操作与可应用于各个虚拟机的操作相同,即启动,暂停,重置,关闭(保存状态,发送关机,关机),丢弃保存状态,在文件系统中显示,排序。
 
清洁建筑,前所未有的模块化:
VirtualBox具有非常模块化的设计,具有明确的内部编程接口和客户端和服务器代码的清晰分离。这样可以轻松地从多个接口同时进行控制:例如,您可以通过单击VirtualBox图形用户界面中的按钮来启动虚拟机,然后从命令行甚至远程控制该机器。由于其模块化架构,VirtualBox还可以通过全面的软件开发工具包(SDK)来公开其全部功能和可配置性 ,从而将VirtualBox的各个方面与其他软件系统集成。
 
远程机器显示:
VirtualBox远程桌面扩展(VRDE)允许对任何正在运行的虚拟机进行高性能的远程访问。此扩展程序支持最初内置于Microsoft Windows中的远程桌面协议(RDP),特别添加了完整的客户端USB支持。
 
VRDE不依赖于内置于Microsoft Windows中的RDP服务器; 而是直接插入虚拟化层。因此,它适用于Windows之外的客户机操作系统(即使在文本模式下),也不需要虚拟机中的应用程序支持。
 
除此之外,VirtualBox还为您提供了更多独特的功能:
•可扩展的RDP认证。VirtualBox已经支持Windows上的Winlogon和Linux上的PAM,用于RDP身份验证。此外,它还包含一个易于使用的SDK,允许您为其他身份验证方法创建任意接口; 
•USB通过RDP。通过RDP虚拟通道支持,VirtualBox还允许您将本地的任意USB设备连接到VirtualBox RDP服务器上远程运行的虚拟机; 
 

DESCRIPTION

VirtualBox is a family of powerful x86 virtualization products for enterprise as well as home use. Not only is VirtualBox an extremely feature rich, high performance product for enterprise customers, it is also the only professional solution that is freely available as Open Source Software under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL).
 
Presently, VirtualBox runs on Windows, Linux and Mac hosts and supports a large number of guest operating systems including but not limited to Windows (NT 4.0, 2000, XP, Server 2003, Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10), DOS/Windows 3.x, Linux (2.4, 2.6, 3.x and 4.x), Solaris and OpenSolaris, OS/2, and OpenBSD.
 
VirtualBox is being actively developed with frequent releases and has an ever growing list of features, supported guest operating systems and platforms it runs on. VirtualBox is a community effort backed by a dedicated company: everyone is encouraged to contribute while innotek ensures the product always meets professional quality criteria.
 

WHAT’S NEW
Version 6.1.0:
General:

  • Implemented support for importing a virtual machine from Oracle Cloud Infrastructure
  • Extended support for exporting a virtual machine to Oracle Cloud Infrastructure, allowing the creation of multiple virtual machines without re-uploading. Also added option to export a VM to the cloud using the more efficient variant “paravirtialized”, and to specify free-form tags for cloud images
  • Virtualization core: Support for nested hardware-virtualization on Intel CPUs (starting with 5th generation Core i, codename Broadwell), so far tested only with guest running VirtualBox
  • Graphics: New style 3D support (with VBoxSVGA and VMSVGA) remains, old style 3D support (with VBoxVGA) has been completely removed
  • Shared Clipboard: Implemented experimental support for file transfers (Windows hosts/guests only at the moment). Needs to be enabled via VBoxManage (disabled by default). In addition, the following items were fixed and/or added:
  • Virtualization core: Drop recompiler, i.e. running VMs now needs a CPU supporting hardware virtualization
  • Runtime: Works now on hosts with many CPUs (limit now 1024)
  • Appliance and Cloud Import: Add field for defining firmware type (not part of OVF spec and thus manual in the Appliance case, for OCI it is automatically taken from the instance information)
  • Input: Added support for horizontal scrolling in the PS/2 mouse device using the IntelliMouse Explorer protocol. Note that this support is automatically used by Linux guests but not by Windows guests
  • PCnet-ISA: Added new network adapter type, currently CLI only
  • Audio: Allow changing the host audio backend while the VM is in saved state
  • ACPI: Report NVMe controller
  • VGA: Improve hardware and BIOS compatibility
  • VMSVGA 3D: Fixed OpenGL compressed textures
  • Guest Control/VBoxManage: Added support for specifying multiple sources when renaming guest files
  • API: Reduce the amount of leftovers from Move VM function
  • Shared Clipboard: Implemented experimental support for file transfers for Linux hosts on Windows guests (disabled by default)
  • VBoxSDL frontend: Fixed running on Windows hosts
  • Windows guest: DXVA implementation for WDDM driver
  • Documentation: Updated supported host operating systems, added few new manual pages (more to come later)
  • macOS host: Fix VM crashes (most visible on macOS Catalina)

 
GUI:

  • Improved the VISO creation and file manager dialogs
  • Virtual machine list of VirtualBox Manager was improved. Machine groups are now more obvious visually and VM search functionality has been improved. Global Tools element can now be pinned in place, to avoid scrolling it with rest of machine list
  • Virtual machine details pane is now extended with embedded editors for selected VM attributes, allowing user to edit them on-the-fly byi clicking corresponding hyper-links without opening VM settings dialog
  • Details pane provides more complete information
  • Internal medium enumeration routines were optimized to reduce the load and optimize the performance in cases when user have lots of media registered. Also, we again allowed to add existing media (and create new) via Virtual Media Manager
  • More consistent medium selection (both showing known images and allowing to select using the file picker)
  • VM storage settings page was adjusted a bit in usability regard. User is now allowed to change controller bus type and can move attachments between the controllers by using drag and drop
  • Storage and Network settings pages bug-fixes and usability optimization
  • Added a new soft (virtual) keyboard enabling arbitrary keyboard input to guests, including multimedia keys
  • Fixed crash in cloud related wizards when accessibility functionality was enabled
  • Show VM CPU load as part of status bar CPU indicator
  • Improved and extended the Session Information dialog
  • Fixed/improved mouse pointer scaling
  • Some issues related to mouse integration cursor scaling were addressed (bug #14366), more to go
  • Fix and unify geometry save/restore in various dialogs
  • Added the missing restriction options for disabling new functionality such as the VISO creator
  • Popup messages mouse click fix

 
Graphics:

  • Remove 3D support for VBoxVGA (old one deprecated with 6.0)
  • Additional texture format support on Windows host
  • Improved fix for flickering on Windows host

 
vboximg-mount:

  • Experimental support for direct read-only access to NTFS, FAT and ext2/3/4 filesystems inside a disk image without the need for support on the host
  • Now also available on Linux host

 
Storage:

  • Experimental support for virtio-scsi, for both hard disks and optical drives (including boot support in BIOS)
  • For optical drive emulation fix empty host drive crash

 
USB:

  • Improvements for EHCI controller implementation
  • Filter can now specify port path, uniquely identifying a port in a system

 
NAT:

  • Fix TFTP OACK response, send only if request has options

 
NAT Network:

  • Use non-blocking sockets on Linux for accepted incoming connections (port forwarding)

 
VBoxSVGA/VMSVGA:

  • Support YUV2 and related texture formats with hosts using OpenGL (macOS and Linux), which accelerates video playback when 3D is enabled by delegating the color space conversion to the host GPU
  • Several drawing fixes for the 3D case

 
VBoxManage:

  • More cloud functionality coverage, e.g. starting a cloud instance
  • As part of the guest control feature support moving multiple source files/directories to a target directory
  • Show “unrestricted guest” and “nested HW virtualization” CPU features when listing the host information

 
SMBIOS:

  • Store system UUID in little endian format which is the default for new VMs, while existing VMs stick to the old VirtualBox behavior of storing them in big endian format for backwards compatibility to avoid breaking the activation status of Windows VMs

 
Windows Guest Additions:

  • Many fixes for drawing problems in the driver for VBoxSVGA
  • Fixes for legacy VBoxVGA adapter, restore previously working cases
  • Restore VHWA functionality for VBoxSVGA

 
EFI:

  • Switch to newer firmware code base and add NVRAM support, should improve compatibility with OSes significantly
  • Added support for booting from APFS
  • Added support for non-standard SATA and NVMe boot device paths created by OS X
  • Modified updated EFI code base to support older OS X guests again

预览截图(Screenshots)

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